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What are the typical warning signs of gum disease?

  • Gums that bleed during brushing or eating.
  • Increased space beginning to develop between teeth.
  • Changes in the way your teeth come together when you bite.
  • Sores in your mouth.
  • Gums that are swollen or tender.
  • Gum recession (gums pulling back from your teeth).
  • Persistent bad breath.
  • Pus between your teeth and gums.

Just the Facts

There are new findings which support something that dental professionals have suspected for a long time: infections in the mouth can cause problems elsewhere in the body. Problems which may be caused or made worse by poor dental health include:

Diabetes

People with diabetes are more likely to have gum disease than people without it. Gum disease decreases glycaemic control. New research also shows that you are more likely to develop diabetes if you have gum disease.

Stroke

Advanced gum and bone disease can increase the risk of stroke by over 50% in adults aged 25-54.

Heart Disease

People with gum disease are almost twice as likely to have coronary artery disease, than those without gum disease.

Premature and Low Birth Weight Babies

Pregnant women who have gum disease may be seven times more likely to have a baby that is premature and with a low birth weight. Research also suggests that women whose gum disease gets worse during pregnancy have an even higher risk of having a premature baby.

Alzheimer’s Disease

If you have periodontal disease early in life you are four times more likely to get Alzheimer’s disease.
Gum or bone disease usually tends to be a painless disease. It is sometimes nicknamed to be a “Silent Killer” dental disease. This is because the bacteria are dissolving the bone around the teeth, shaking up the foundation “painlessly”. Typically patients who don’t visit their dentist regularly go to the dentist only when they have pain. Since gum disease is usually a painless disease, these patients don’t realise that they have gum disease till it’s too late.